Outcomes of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy in obese patients.
The applicability of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (LDN) has not been assessed in the obese donor. We hypothesized that obesity is not a technical contraindication to LDN. From May 1998 to February 1999, 40 patients underwent LDN at the Georgetown Transplant Institute with the transperitoneal technique. Prophylaxis against deep venous thrombosis consisted of venous compression stockings, low-molecular weight heparin in obese patients, and early ambulation. The following variables were examined: donor sex, age, weight, height, related versus nonrelated donation, body mass index (BMI; wt/ht2), operating room time, estimated blood loss, length of stay, time out of work, and complications. BMI>31 indicates morbid obesity, BMI>27 indicates >20% over ideal body weight, and normal BMI is 25. The patients were divided into nonobese (BMI< or =31) and obese groups (BMI>31). The two groups do not differ in outcome after LDN. Our data indicate that obesity is not associated with increased morbidity or mortality after LDN.
Kuo, PC; Plotkin, JS; Stevens, S; Cribbs, A; Johnson, LB
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