Outcome of extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction in orthotopic liver transplantation.
BACKGROUND: Portal venous and hepatic arterial reconstruction are critical to successful outcomes in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). With portal vein thrombosis or inadequate hepatic arterial inflow, extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction is required. However, the clinical outcomes following extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction are largely unknown. METHODS: To determine the outcomes associated with extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction, we performed a retrospective review of 205 OLT recipients transplanted between 1995 and 2000. RESULTS: Extra-anatomic portal venous inflow was based upon the recipient superior mesenteric vein using donor iliac vein graft in a retrogastric position (n = 12). Extra-anatomic arterial inflow was based on recipient infrarenal aorta using donor iliac artery graft through the transverse mesocolon (n = 25). OLT with routine anatomic vascular construction served as control (n = 168). Extra-anatomic vascular reconstruction was not associated with increased morbidity, mortality, operating room time, length of stay, or thrombosis. CONCLUSION: We conclude that extra-anatomic vascular conduits are associated with excellent long-term outcomes and provide acceptable alternatives for vascular reconstruction in OLT.
Cappadonna, CR; Johnson, LB; Lu, AD; Kuo, PC
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