Hepatic extraction of somatostatin in conscious dogs.
Fractional hepatic extraction of endogenous somatostatin immunoreactivity was examined in conscious dogs with Doppler flow probes on the portal vein and hepatic artery and catheters in the portal and hepatic veins and carotid artery before and after induction of hypoglycemia by infusion of insulin. Insulin infusion (1 and 2 mU.kg-1.min-1) decreased arterial plasma glucose from 76 +/- 4 mg/dl to a nadir of 41 +/- 2 mg/dl. Basal portal vein somatostatin was 117 +/- 11 pg/ml, which was significantly greater than the 97 +/- 12 pg/ml in the hepatic vein (P less than 0.05) and 79 +/- 8 pg/ml in the carotid artery (P less than 0.05). Hypoglycemia significantly augmented portal vein somatostatin to 206 +/- 32 pg/ml with parallel increases in the hepatic vein and carotid artery. The mean basal fractional hepatic extraction of total somatostatin immunoreactivity was 9 +/- 6% and was unchanged during hypoglycemia (14 +/- 4%). Column chromatography of the portal vein somatostatin immunoreactivity in the basal period yielded three peaks with most of the material eluting with somatostatin-14 and the void volume. Very little somatostatin-28 was detected. There was very little hepatic extraction of the void volume material while approximately 50% of somatostatin-14 was removed by that organ. After insulin-induced hypoglycemia, there was the greatest percent increase in somatostatin-28 and a doubling of somatostatin-14 and the void volume material. Most of the somatostatins-14 and -28 were removed by the liver, while extraction of the void volume material was negligible.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Chap, Z; Ishida, T; Jones, RH; Pena, JR; Vinik, A; Field, JB
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