Evidence for separate handling in vivo of different regions of the insulin molecule using A14- and B1-labeled insulin tracers.
To compare the metabolic characteristics and degradation of insulin tracers labeled unselectively, selectively at the A14 position (A14-monoiodoinsulin), and selectively at the B1 position (B1-monoiodoinsulin), we have followed the time course of disappearance of intact (immunoprecipitable [IP] and trichloroacetic acid [TCA] precipitable) iodoinsulin after bolus injection into greyhounds. We have used noncompartmental analysis to determine metabolic clearance rate (MCR) and apparent distribution space (DS). We have also measured the appearance of non-IP- and non-TCA-precipitable fragments, and have developed a mathematical model using compartmental analysis to explain the observed differences. B1-Monoiodoinsulin has a significantly higher MCR (16.3 ml/min/kg) than both A14-monoiodoinsulin (10.6 ml/min/kg) and unfractionated tracers (7.6 ml/min/kg) as determined by immunoprecipitation, and reaches the values observed for native insulin in greyhounds. MCR values obtained by TCA precipitation are approximately one-half of those obtained by IP for all 3 tracers. The concentration of non-IP fragments is significantly lower with B1-monoiodoinsulin than with the other tracers. Compartmental analysis suggests this to be due to greater intracellular retention of the B1 moiety during the experimental period. We conclude that: (1) by the criterion of MCR, B1-monoiodoinsulin seems to behave more like native insulin than other preparations tested; (2) the reduced MCR of A14-monoiodoinsulin raises doubts about its validity as a tracer for insulin; (3) a high-molecular-weight product of insulin degradation, which includes both the B1 and the A14-A19 regions of the molecule, is released into the circulation; and (4) smaller fragments containing A14-A19 reappear in the circulation more rapidly than fragments containing B1.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Cockram, CS; Jones, RH; Boroujerdi, MA; Sönksen, PH
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)