Effects of valve replacement on ventricular mechanics in mitral regurgitation and aortic stenosis.
BACKGROUND: This study in humans assessed changes in left ventricular function early and late after correction of mitral regurgitation (MR) (n = 9) or aortic stenosis (AS) (n = 10). METHODS: Ventricular function was measured with radionuclide and micromanometer-derived pressure-volume loops during preload manipulation, thermodilution cardiac outputs, and echocardiograms. Late radionuclide and echocardiographic data were acquired at 24 hours and 20 months. RESULTS: Perioperative left ventricular performance (stroke work-end-diastolic volume relationship) did not change for patients with MR or AS. Significant changes in afterload occurred: ejection fraction (MR, 0.49 to 0.37; AS, 0.54 to 0.60; both, p = 0.013), mean left ventricular ejection pressure (MR, 73 to 91 mm Hg; AS, 138 to 93 mm Hg; both, p < 0.01), and end-systolic wall stress (MR, 26 to 42 x 10(3) dynes/cm2; AS, 37 to 22 x 10(3) dynes/cm2; both, p < 0.01). Ejection efficiency improved for MR patients (0.69 +/- 0.26 to 1.0 +/- 0.15; p < 0.05). The 20-month data showed improved New York Heart Association functional class, normal resting ejection fraction, and normal exercise response for both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Early after operation, a significant change in left ventricular load was seen with correction of MR and AS. Data obtained late after operation showed improvement consistent with ventricular remodeling.
Harpole, DH; Gall, SA; Wolfe, WG; Rankin, JS; Jones, RH
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