Noninvasive assessment of hemodynamic effects of mitral valve commissurotomy during rest and exercise in patients with mitral stenosis.
Noninvasive radionuclide angiocardiography (RNA) provides simple and accurate assessment of parameters of cardiac function during rest and during maximal exercise. Left ventricular function was assessed by RNA in nine patients with isolated mitral stenosis before and approximately 6 months after mitral commissurotomy. Before operation, the mean mitral valve gradient was 14.0 +/- 2.8 mm Hg, and the mean mitral valve area was 1.20 +/- 0.3 cm2. Each patient was evaluated at rest and during maximal exercise on an isokinetic bicycle ergometer before and after commissurotomy. Heart rate, ejection fraction, end-diastolic volume, stroke volume, pulmonary transit time, cardiac output, and diastolic ventricular filling rate were determined by the radionuclide technique. Before operation, patients with mitral stenosis had characteristic changes from rest to exercise which supported restriction to diastolic ventricular filling as the primary limitation in generating a cardiac output during exercise. The stroke volume was unchanged from rest to exercise. Thus the cardiac output during exercise was heart rate dependent. However, after commissurotomy the stroke volume increased from rest to exercise. Therefore, cardiac output during exercise was achieved by heart rate and an augmented stroke volume. Moreover, the pulmonary transit time was reduced during rest and exercise after operation. The maximum ventricular ejection and filling rates were markedly increased during rest and exercise after commissurotomy. These differences in hemodynamic parameters at rest and during exercise document the mechanics of increased exercise tolerance in patients with mitral stenosis after mitral commissurotomy.
Newman, GE; Rerych, SK; Bounous, PE; Upton, MT; Jones, RH; Sabiston, DC
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