Comparison of cardiac function in surgically corrected and congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries.
The capacity of the anatomic right ventricle to sustain normal function against systemic pressure long after atrial baffle procedures in patients with complete transposition of the great arteries remains unknown. Pulmonary and systemic ventricular function was measured by first-pass radionuclide studies in 11 children 7 +/- 3 years (+/- standard deviation) after baffle procedures. For comparison, similar measurements were made in eight patients with isolated congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries and in 10 children in a control group. Exercise increased heart rate and cardiac index to similar levels in all three groups. Ventricular volumes were greater than control volumes in both groups with congenital heart disease. Exercise increased pulmonary ventricular ejection fraction in the control and congenitally corrected groups, but not in the surgically corrected group. Systemic ventricular ejection fraction increased during exercise in the control group, but remained unchanged in both transposition groups. These results show that cardiac index during exercise is maintained in patients after baffle procedures for complete transposition of the great arteries. However, pulmonary and systemic ventricular ejection fractions fail to increase with exercise, and ventricular volumes are markedly greater than normal.
Peterson, RJ; Franch, RH; Fajman, WA; Jones, RH
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