Relation of coronary artery stenosis and pressure gradient to exercise-induced ischemia before and after coronary angioplasty.
The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the relation of coronary artery stenosis and associated pressure gradient to the magnitude of exercise-induced left ventricular dysfunction in patients with single vessel coronary artery disease. The percent stenosis and minimal cross-sectional area were measured before and after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and compared with radionuclide measurements of left ventricular function before and after angioplasty in 41 patients with proximal left anterior descending coronary artery lesions, providing 82 points of comparison. The gradient could be measured for 75 comparisons. Forty stenoses less than 50% were associated with a mean left ventricular exercise ejection fraction of 0.66 +/- 0.08 (mean +/- SD), 25 stenoses from 50 to 75% with a mean ejection fraction of 0.59 +/- 0.12 and 17 stenoses greater than 75% with a mean ejection fraction of 0.49 +/- 0.08. Thirty-five stenoses with a gradient less than 20 mm Hg were associated with a mean ejection fraction of 0.65 +/- 0.09, 24 with a gradient from 20 to 50 mm Hg with a mean ejection fraction of 0.58 +/- 0.13 and 16 with a gradient greater than 50 mm Hg with a mean ejection fraction of 0.53 +/- 0.10. These data document a relation between the magnitude of coronary artery stenosis and associated gradient to exercise-induced left ventricular dysfunction in homogeneous patient groups. However, discordance of these variables occurs commonly in individual patients.
Peterson, RJ; King, SB; Fajman, WA; Douglas, JS; Grüntzig, AR; Orias, DW; Jones, RH
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