Right ventricular diastolic function in canine models of pressure overload, volume overload, and ischemia.

Published

Journal Article

By limiting filling, abnormalities of right ventricular (RV) diastolic function may impair systolic function and affect adaptation to disease. To quantify diastolic RV pressure-volume relations and myocardial compliance (MC), a new sigmoidal model was developed. RV micromanometric and sonomicrometric data in alert dogs at control (n = 16) and under surgically induced subacute (2-5 wk) RV pressure overload (n = 6), volume overload (n = 7), and ischemia (n = 6) were analyzed. The conventional exponential model detected no changes from control in the passive filling pressure-volume (P(pf)-V) relations. The new sigmoidal model revealed significant quantifiable changes in P(pf)-V relations. Maximum RV MC (MC(max)), attained during early filling, is reduced from control in pressure overload (P = 0.0016), whereas filling pressure at maximum MC (P(MCmax)) is increased (P = 0.0001). End-diastolic RV MC increases significantly in volume overload (P = 0.0131), whereas end-diastolic pressure is unchanged. In ischemia, MC(max) is decreased (P = 0.0102), with no change in P(MCmax). We conclude that the sigmoidal model quantifies important changes in RV diastolic function in alert dog models of pressure overload, volume overload, and ischemia.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pasipoularides, A; Shu, M; Shah, A; Silvestry, S; Glower, DD

Published Date

  • November 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 283 / 5

Start / End Page

  • H2140 - H2150

PubMed ID

  • 12384492

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12384492

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1522-1539

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0363-6135

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1152/ajpheart.00462.2002

Language

  • eng