Early effects of right ventricular volume overload on ventricular performance and beta-adrenergic signaling.
OBJECTIVE: Right ventricular dysfunction is a poorly understood but persistent clinical problem. This study was undertaken to evaluate ventricular performance and beta-adrenergic receptor signaling in a tricuspid regurgitation model of right ventricular overload. METHODS: Seventeen dogs were chronically instrumented with epicardial dimension transducers. By means of the shell-subtraction model, right ventricular pressure-volume relationships were evaluated in normal and right ventricular overload states. Right ventricular chamber performance was quantified by the stroke work at an end-diastolic volume relationship. RESULTS: Right ventricular volume overload caused a 28% +/- 11% and 31% +/- 9% decline in chamber performance acutely and at 1 week, respectively, whereas end-diastolic volume increased from 45 +/- 21 to 60 +/- 30 mL (P =. 019). beta-Adrenergic receptor signaling in myocardial samples was assessed, examining adenylyl cyclase and G-protein-coupled receptor kinase activity. Stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity significantly decreased, and G-protein-coupled receptor kinase activity significantly increased in both left and right ventricular samples caused by increased levels of beta-adrenergic receptor kinase 1. No change in beta-adrenergic receptor density was seen at 1 week. CONCLUSIONS: Early right ventricular overload is associated with impaired right ventricular chamber contractility, dilation, and, importantly, a biventricular alteration of beta-adrenergic receptor signaling.
Shah, AS; Atkins, BZ; Hata, JA; Tai, O; Kypson, AP; Lilly, RE; Koch, WJ; Glower, DD
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