Coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with dialysis-dependent renal failure.
Few data exist regarding functional results and long-term survival after coronary bypass in patients on dialysis. Therefore, a retrospective analysis was performed of 21 consecutive patients with dialysis-dependent renal failure who were undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. Preoperatively, all but 1 patient had associated comorbid illnesses, 15 patients (71%) had class IV angina, and 16 patients (76%) had either left main or three-vessel disease. There were two perioperative deaths (9%), and complications occurred in 10 of the 21 patients (48%). All 19 hospital survivors showed symptomatic improvement with improved overall functional status (mean Karnofsky score increased from 37% +/- 16% preoperatively to 69% +/- 9% at hospital discharge or death; p < 0.001). Actuarial survival rates were 84% +/- 8% and 45% +/- 13% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. Therefore, coronary bypass grafting may be performed in dialysis patients with increased but acceptable morbidity and mortality, with excellent symptomatic relief, and with improved functional status. However, limited long-term survival suggests that the relative costs and benefits of surgical revascularization need further examination in this patient population.
Owen, CH; Cummings, RG; Sell, TL; Schwab, SJ; Jones, RH; Glower, DD
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