In vitro and in vivo investigations for the development of cytostatic methylhydrazones.
In in vitro short-term (3 h) assays, the beta-chloroethyl-methyl-hydrazones B 1 and B 2 inhibit the uptake of 3H-thymidine by EAC and L 1210 leukemia cells, B 2 being 5 to 10 times more effective than B 1. The growth inhibitory effect of both compounds was also confirmed in long-term (7 days) clonal assays using agar-containing glass capillaries, B 2 again being more effective than B 1. In contrast to these differences in vitro, in vivo both substances showed remission to the same degree in EAC- and complete resistance in L 1210-bearing mice. The diverging in vitro/in vivo sensitivities were thought to result from differences in the affinity of the methylhydrazones to the tumor cells: using short exposure periods (3 h) B 1 was more inhibitory than B 2 on both EAC and L 1210 colony growth; i.e., the more hydrophilic B 2 could more easily be washed off. To further test the idea of different cell membrane affinities, the methylhydrazones ZB 1 and P 1 with increasing lipophilic properties were synthesized. In vitro, after both pulse and continuous exposure ZB 1 and P 1 showed enforced inhibitory effects on colony growth. In vivo, ZB 1 and P 1 reduced the tumor weight of EAC mice, while only P 1 increased the survival time of L 1210 mice. The results suggest that from the combination of in vitro/in vivo assays mechanistic conclusions can be derived that are valuable for further development of these cystostatics.
Dittmar, W; Klitschka, G; Braun, R; Ali-Osman, F; Meckert, C; Maurer, HR
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