Transcription in mouse embryo cells permissively infected by murine cytomegalovirus.
The sites of transcription and abundance of steady-state cytoplasmic viral RNA in murine cytomegalovirus (Smith strain) infected mouse embryo cells were analyzed. Cloned subgenomic DNA fragments were labeled with 32P and hybridized to filters containing polyadenylated RNA extracted from cells at immediate-early, early, and late times in the infection. The pattern of transcription was distinctive at each time point. Immediate-early transcription occurred primarily at 0.770-0.816 map units. Minor sites of immediate-early transcription were clustered at 0.671-0.861 map units and at the termini of the genome (0.944-0.002 map units). Early transcripts were detected from the entire genome with the exception of a fragment at 0.278-0.305 map units. The site of major immediate-early transcription at 0.770-0.816 map units was represented less abundantly while the concentration of RNA from most other sites of immediate-early transcription was increased at the early time point. The most abundant site of early transcription was at 0.840-0.861 map units. RNA from late in the infection hybridized to all subgenomic fragments. The highest concentration of late RNA transcripts was detected with fragments located at 0.444-0.770 map units. In contrast, late RNA transcripts from both ends of the genome were present at a concentration equal to or lower than that seen at the early time point, and the concentration of late RNA from the major early site (0.840-0.861 map units) was significantly decreased. We also detected uninfected mouse cell RNA with three separate subgenomic EcoRI fragments.
Marks, JR; Mercer, JA; Spector, DH
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