Dhh1 regulates the G1/S-checkpoint following DNA damage or BRCA1 expression in yeast.

Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Heterologous expression of the tumor suppressor BRCA1 in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is lethal. To identify potential new BRCA1-interacting gene targets, we characterized highly conserved ionizing radiation (IR) sensitive gene deletions that suppress BRCA1-induced lethality in yeast. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Previously, we exposed an isogenic collection of yeast strains individually deleted for 4746 nonessential genes to IR and identified 199 radiation sensitive deletion strains. A subset (n = 130) of these were screened for those that suppressed the G1 arrest and lethality observed following galactose-induced expression from a GAL::BRCA1 plasmid in wild type yeast. RESULTS: We found that deletions of two core components of the highly conserved CCR4-NOT transcription complex (CCR4 or DHH1) rescued BRCA1-induced G1 arrest and lethality in yeast. This was not because of down regulation of the GAL promoter since both deletion strains produce large amounts of BRCA1 that is rapidly degraded. In addition, heterologous expression of BRCA1 results in increased transcription of the DNA damage-inducible reporter construct DIN::LacZ. Reduced viability following IR and nitrogen starvation was observed among strains deleted for CCR4 or DHH1 because of a defect in G1 to S phase checkpoint transition. Lethality following nitrogen starvation and IR was partially rescued in dhh1Delta strains by expressing the human ortholog of DHH1 (DDX6) which has been identified as a breakpoint oncogene.T CONCLUSIONS: hese results suggest that BRCA1 may promote genomic stability in human cells by interacting with the highly conserved ortholog of DHH1 (DDX6) to properly activate G1/S checkpoint arrest following DNA damage.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Westmoreland, TJ; Olson, JA; Saito, WY; Huper, G; Marks, JR; Bennett, CB

Published Date

  • July 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 113 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 62 - 73

PubMed ID

  • 12943812

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-4804

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States