Metabolism of O6-benzylguanine, an inactivator of O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase.
O6-Benzylguanine effectively inactivates the DNA repair protein, O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase, leading to an increase in the therapeutic index of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea in nude mouse xenograft studies. To investigate the fate of this inactivator in mammalian systems, we examined its biodistribution and metabolism following i.p. administration of 8-[3H]-O6-benzylguanine to male Sprague-Dawley rats and BALB/c mice. Following administration to rats, there were significantly higher levels of radioactivity in liver than in lung, spleen, kidney, small intestine, and esophagus for up to 24 h. Major urinary metabolites were identified as O6-benzyl-7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine, N2-acetyl-O6-benzylguanine, and N2-acetyl-O6-benzyl-7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine. Debenzylated metabolites included guanine, 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine, and N2-acetylguanine. In contrast to rat metabolism, acetylated derivatives were not found in mouse urine. However, O6-benzyl-7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine was a major metabolite in the mouse. O6-Benzyl-7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine was a very effective O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase inactivator and exhibited a 50% effective dose in HT29 cell extracts of 0.3 microM compared to 0.2 microM for O6-benzylguanine. The O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase depleting activity of N2-acetyl-O6-benzylguanine and N2-acetyl-O6-benzyl-7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine were, respectively, 120- and 325-fold lower than O6-benzylguanine in HT29 cell-free extracts.
Dolan, ME; Chae, MY; Pegg, AE; Mullen, JH; Friedman, HS; Moschel, RC
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