The effects of ethanol on pancreatic blood flow in awake and anesthetized dogs.
The pathophysiology of alcohol-induced acute pancreatitis is not clear. Ischemic injury has been suggested as a possible mechanism. To examine the effects of ethanol on pancreatic and splanchnic blood flow, measurements were made in fasted, conditioned awake dogs before and after iv infusion of ethanol (1.7 g/kg). At 30 min blood ethanol concentration ranged between 60 and 150 mg/dl and at 60 min between 166 and 350 mg/dl. Although cardiac output, aortic pressure, left atrial pressure, and arterial pH did not change, pancreatic flow declined by 39 +/- 12 ml/min/100 g, P less than 0.05 (from 173 +/- 10 ml/min/100 g) at 30 min and was still depressed (by 27 +/- 12 ml/min/100 g, P less than 0.05) at 60 min. Concomitantly, hepatic arterial flow increased. While hepatic and pancreatic flow changed inversely, the correlation (r = -0.17) of these changes was not significant. At comparable blood ethanol concentrations in pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs hepatic arterial flow increased by 11 +/- 3 ml/min/100 g, P less than 0.01 (from 24 +/- 5 ml/min/100 g), but pancreatic flow did not change. Thus, in the awake dog at blood levels that would produce mild to moderate alcoholic intoxication in man, ethanol reduces pancreatic flow. Although hepatic flow increases concomitantly, the relationship of these changes appears to be independent.
Friedman, HS; Lowery, R; Shaughnessy, E; Scorza, J
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