Acyl derivatives of demethylpenclomedine, an antitumor-active, non-neurotoxic metabolites of penclomedine.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to compare the antitumor activities of a series of acyl derivatives of 4-demethylpenclomedine (DM-PEN), the major plasma metabolite of penclomedine (PEN) observed to be an active antitumor agent in vivo and non-neurotoxic in a rat model with that of DM-PEN. METHODS: Acyl derivatives were prepared from DM-PEN and evaluated in vivo against human MX-1 breast tumor xenografts implanted subcutaneously (s.c.) or intracerebrally (i.c.). Several derivatives were also evaluated against other human tumor xenografts and murine P388 leukemia cell lines. RESULTS: Several of the acyl derivatives were found to be superior to DM-PEN against MX-1, human ZR-75-1 breast tumor, human U251 CNS tumor and the P388 leukemia parent cell line and lines resistant to cyclophosphamide and carmustine. 4-Demethyl-4-methoxyacetylpenclomedine showed inferior activity to current clinical brain tumor drugs against a glioma cell line, superior activity to temozolomide and procarbazine against the derived mismatch repair-deficient cell line, and superior activity to cyclophosphamide and carmustine but inferior activity to temozolomide against two ependymoma cell lines, all of which were implanted s.c. CONCLUSION: Proposed mechanisms of activation and action of DM-PEN and the acyl derivatives support the potential clinical superiority of the acyl derivatives.
Struck, RF; Tiwari, A; Friedman, HS; Keir, S; Morgan, LR; Waud, WR
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