Effects of self-esteem and expected duration of interaction on liking for a highly rewarding partner.


Journal Article

Psychological theories predicated on the assumption of human selfishness and theories based on principles of equity may lead to conflicting predictions about when a person will like his partner. Of special interest are a person's reactions to receiving uncommonly high rewards. The present study addressed this issue by examing the development of same-sex liking in 40 female college students. It was hypothesized that subjects with lowered self-esteem, having a great need for interpersonal rewards, would react favorably to the receipt of such rewards, even if underserved. Subjects with raised self-esteem, on the other hand, having had their need for rewards met, should respond unfavorably to the receipt of high rewards, desiring a more equitable distribution of reward. These effects should be strong only when continuing dyadic interaction is expected (i.e., as issues of stability and reciprocity become salient). The predictions were confirmed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Friedman, HS

Published Date

  • June 1, 1976

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 686 - 690

PubMed ID

  • 1271231

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1271231

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1939-1315

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-3514

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1037//0022-3514.33.6.686


  • eng