Reversible neurotoxicity following hyperfractionated radiation therapy of brain stem glioma.

Published

Journal Article

Two patients with brain stem gliomas were treated with hyperfractionated radiation therapy (HFR) (7,020 and 7,560 cGy, respectively). Despite initial clinical improvement during irradiation, both patients demonstrated clinical deterioration approximately 3 weeks after completion of radiotherapy. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a progressive increase in distribution of abnormal brain stem signal consistent with either tumor or edema. 18FDG positron emission tomography (PET) was obtained in one patient and demonstrated a hypermetabolic lesion at diagnosis and a hypometabolic lesion at the time of clinical deterioration postirradiation. Management with a tapering dose of dexamethasone alone resulted in marked clinical (both patients) and radiographic (one patient) improvement, allowing reduction or discontinuation of this medication. These results suggest that patients with brain stem tumors demonstrating clinical and radiographic evidence of progressive tumor shortly after completion of HFR should be initially managed conservatively with dexamethasone, since these findings may be manifestations of reversible radiation-related neurotoxicity.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Griebel, M; Friedman, HS; Halperin, EC; Wiener, MD; Marks, L; Oakes, WJ; Hoffman, JM; DeLong, GR; Schold, SC; Hockenberger, B

Published Date

  • 1991

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 182 - 186

PubMed ID

  • 1902547

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1902547

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0098-1532

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/mpo.2950190307

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States