Irinotecan: promising activity in the treatment of malignant glioma.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Patients with malignant glioma continue to have a dismal outcome. Those with glioblastoma multiforme, the most common type of malignant glioma, have a median survival of 40 to 60 weeks following diagnosis and only 16 to 24 weeks after recurrence. While standard therapy is surgery and external-beam radiotherapy, data indicate that chemotherapy improves the clinical outcome of some patients. Irinotecan (CPT-11, Camptosar) possesses significant activity against malignant glioma, and potentiation of this activity with combination partners, including the alkylator 1,2-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea (carmustine, BCNU), is being evaluated in an ongoing phase II study. Also, the combination of irinotecan plus temozolomide (Temodar) has produced synergism in preclinical studies as well as encouraging responses in ongoing clinical trials. Other investigative directions include studies of irinotecan plus temozolomide and O6-benzylguanine (O6-BG) to assess the ability of O6-BG to maximize the therapeutic benefits of irinotecan combined with temozolomide.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Reardon, DA; Friedman, HS; Powell, JB; Gilbert, M; Yung, WK

Published Date

  • May 2003

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 17 / 5 Suppl 5

Start / End Page

  • 9 - 14

PubMed ID

  • 12800600

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12800600

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0890-9091

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States