Inhibition of iNOS with 1400W improves contractile function and alters nos gene and protein expression in reperfused skeletal muscle.
This study examined the effects of 1400W, an inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide (iNOS), on contractile function and iNOS expression in reperfused skeletal muscle. The right extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle of 104 rats underwent a sham operation or 3-h ischemia followed by 3-h or 24-h reperfusion (I/R). Rats received 3 mg/kg 1400W, 10 mg/kg 1400W, or water subcutaneously. Results showed that EDL contractile function in both 1400W-treated groups significantly outperformed the controls at 24-h but not at 3-h reperfusion. Although iNOS expression increased in all three I/R groups during reperfusion, a significantly smaller increase was found in 1400W-treated muscles after 3-h reperfusion, and more dramatically so after 24-h reperfusion. Our results indicate that inhibition of iNOS preserved the contractile function in reperfused skeletal muscle, perhaps via downregulating iNOS expression. Protection by 1400W at 24-h reperfusion suggests that the role of iNOS in exaggerating reperfusion injury is more prominent in the later stages of injury.
Patel, P; Qi, W-N; Allen, DM; Chen, L-E; Seaber, AV; Stamler, JS; Urbaniak, JR
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