Torque resistance after fixation of Jones fractures with intramedullary screws.

Published

Journal Article

Intramedullary screws frequently are used for fixation of Jones fractures of the fifth metarsal. While the ability of intramedullary screw fixation in fifth metatarsals to resist bending and tensile forces is well known, the ability to withstand torsion has not been studied. This paper compares the torsional stiffness of Jones fractures treated with 6.5-mm short- threaded intramedullary screws to those treated with 5.0-mm cannulated short-threaded intramedullary screws.Nine fresh-frozen, matched pairs of cadaver fifth metatarsals had an acute Jones fracture simulated with an osteotomy. They were stabilized with intramedullary screws and then loaded to failure.The torsional stiffness of the metatarsals fixed with the 6.5-mm did not differ significantly from that using 5.0-mm screws. However, to achieve stability, the 5.0-mm screw had to be long enough to reach the metatarsal head and neck. This tended to straighten the normally curved fifth metatarsal bone and caused lateral gapping at the fracture site.Both 5.0-mm or 6.5-mm screws provide equal torsional rigidity, but 5.0-mm screws may need to be longer, which could potentially straighten the fifth metatarsal shaft in patients who have a curved fifth metatarsal.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Horst, F; Gilbert, BJ; Glisson, RR; Nunley, JA

Published Date

  • December 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 914 - 919

PubMed ID

  • 15680106

Pubmed Central ID

  • 15680106

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1944-7876

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1071-1007

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/107110070402501212

Language

  • eng