Biomechanical and histologic assessment of a controlled muscle strain injury treated with piroxicam.


Journal Article

This study was designed to observe the effect of the nonsteroidal antiinflammatory piroxicam on a controlled muscle strain injury in the rabbit model. The tibialis anterior tendons of 90 New Zealand White rabbits were detached at their distal insertions, and the right tendon was stretched to the yield point of the deformation curve. One group of 50 rabbits received piroxicam treatment and the others received no treatment. At 1, 2, 4, and 7 days the parameters of muscle function, tensile strength, and histology were examined. Muscle contractile force was significantly greater in the piroxicam-treated group at Day 1, but no difference was noted at any other time period. Tensile strength was not significantly different at any time period in either group. Histology revealed delayed degradation of damaged tissue and slowed regeneration of muscle tissue at the injury site in the piroxicam-treated group. Piroxicam and other anti-inflammatories are frequently given to athletes being treated for muscle strain injuries to control pain through their effect on the inflammatory process. This study demonstrates that piroxicam does not adversely influence the recovery of contractile and tensile strength in a followup period of 1 week. Therefore, antiinflammatory treatment may be beneficial early in the course of muscle injury.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Obremsky, WT; Seaber, AV; Ribbeck, BM; Garrett, WE

Published Date

  • July 1994

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 22 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 558 - 561

PubMed ID

  • 7943524

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7943524

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1552-3365

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0363-5465

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/036354659402200420


  • eng