Muscle strain injury: diagnosis and treatment.

Published

Journal Article (Review)

Muscle strain is a very common injury. Muscles that are frequently involved cross two joints, act mainly in an eccentric fashion, and contain a high percentage of fast-twitch fibers. Muscle strain usually causes acute pain and occurs during strenuous activity. In most cases, the diagnosis can be made on the basis of the history and physical examination. Magnetic resonance imaging is recommended only when radiologic evaluation is necessary for diagnosis. Initial treatment consists of rest, ice, compression, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy. As pain and swelling subside, physical therapy should be initiated to restore flexibility and strength. Avoiding excessive fatigue and performing adequate warm-up before intense exercise may help to prevent muscle strain injury. The long-term outcome after muscle strain injury is usually excellent, and complications are few.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Noonan, TJ; Garrett, WE

Published Date

  • July 1999

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 7 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 262 - 269

PubMed ID

  • 10434080

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10434080

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1940-5480

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1067-151X

Language

  • eng