Methylprednisolone reduces the inflammatory response to cardiopulmonary bypass in neonatal piglets: timing of dose is important.
INTRODUCTION: Cardiopulmonary bypass produces an inflammatory response that can cause significant postoperative pulmonary dysfunction and total body edema. This study evaluates the efficacy of preoperative methylprednisolone administration in limiting this injury in neonates and compares the effect of giving methylprednisolone 8 hours before an operation to the common practice of adding methylprednisolone to the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit prime. METHODS: A control group of neonatal pigs (control; n = 6) received no preoperative medication. One experimental group (n = 6) received methylprednisolone sodium succinate (30 mg/kg) both 8 and 1.5 hours before the operation. A second experimental group received no preoperative treatment, but methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg) was added to the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit prime. All animals underwent cardiopulmonary bypass and 45 minutes of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Hemodynamic and pulmonary function data were acquired before cardiopulmonary bypass and at 30 and 60 minutes after bypass. RESULTS: In the control group, pulmonary compliance, alveolar-arterial gradient, and pulmonary vascular resistance were significantly impaired after bypass (P <.01 for each by analysis of variance). In the group that received methylprednisolone, compliance (P =.02), alveolar-arterial gradient (P =.0003), pulmonary vascular resistance (P =.007), and extracellular fluid accumulation (P =.003) were significantly better after bypass when compared with the control group. Results for the group that received no preoperative treatment fell between the control group and the group that received methylprednisolone. CONCLUSIONS: When given 8 hours and immediately before the operation, methylprednisolone improves pulmonary compliance after bypass, alveolar-arterial gradient, and pulmonary vascular resistance compared with no treatment. The addition of methylprednisolone to the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit prime is beneficial but inferior to preoperative administration.
Lodge, AJ; Chai, PJ; Daggett, CW; Ungerleider, RM; Jaggers, J
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