The beat goes on: status of the artificial heart, 1977.
After two decades of continuous research on the artificial heart, survival times of experimental animals indicate that clinical application of such a device is definitely feasible. However, a number of problems remain to be solved. Durability of the device, infection, pannus formation at the interface between the device and natural tissue and thrombosis within the device appear to be the major problems. Development of an implantable power source is also an area of important research. Questions of efficiency, cosmetic and psychological acceptability and cost are just beginning to be considered.
Jarvik, RK; Lawson, JH; Olsen, DB; Fukumasu, H; Kolff, WJ
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