The role of antibodies in dysfunction of pig-to-baboon pulmonary transplants.

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary transplantation has become the preferred treatment for end-stage lung disease, but application of the procedure is limited because of a paucity of donors. One way to solve donor limitations is to use animal organs as a donor source or xenotransplantation. The current barrier to pulmonary xenotransplantation is the rapid failure of the pulmonary xenograft. Although antibodies are known to play a role in heart and kidney xenograft rejection, their involvement in lung dysfunction is less defined. This project was designed to define the role of antibodies in pulmonary graft rejection in a pig-to-baboon model. METHODS: Orthotopic transgenic swine left lung transplants were performed in baboons depleted of antibodies by one of three techniques before transplantation: (1) ex vivo swine kidney perfusion, (2) total immunoglobulin-depleting column perfusion, and (3) ex vivo swine lung perfusion. Results were compared with those of transgenic swine lung transplants in unmodified baboons. RESULTS: All three techniques of antibody removal resulted in depletion of xenoreactive antibodies. Only pretransplantation lung perfusion improved pulmonary xenograft function compared with lung transplantation in unmodified baboons. CONCLUSIONS: The pathogenesis of pulmonary injury in a swine-to-primate transplant model is different from that in renal and cardiac xenografts. Depletion of antibodies alone does not have a beneficial effect and may actually be detrimental.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lau, CL; Daggett, WC; Yeatman, MF; Chai, P; Lin, SS; Lodge, AJ; Chen, EP; Diamond, LE; Byrne, GW; Logan, JS; Parker, W; Platt, JL; Davis, RD

Published Date

  • July 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 120 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 29 - 38

PubMed ID

  • 10884652

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-5223

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1067/mtc.2000.106841

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States