Identification of human erythrocyte blood group antigens on decay-accelerating factor (DAF) and an erythrocyte phenotype negative for DAF.

Published

Journal Article

Decay accelerating factor (DAF) is a glycoprotein present on the surfaces of many types ofcells in contact with plasma, including erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets (reviewed in reference 1). A small amount of DAF is also present in serum. Numerous investigators have demonstrated that DAF inhibits the action of C3 convertases on cell surfaces, and its absence has been shown to be at least partially responsible for the abnormal sensitivity to lysis by complement exhibited by erythrocytes of patients with the acquired stem cell disorder paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) (2). Hereditary absence of DAF has not been previously described. Tc(a) and Cr(a) are high-frequency human erythrocyte antigens . These antigens are part of a family of blood group antigens, designated Cromer related, which are all absent from the null phenotype cell IFC(-) , or Inab (3). Recently, Spring and colleagues (4) have identified two monoclonal antibodies which bound to high frequency red cell antigens absent from the Inab phenotype. They also demonstrated that these antibodies, as well as several human antisera to Cromer-related antigens, bound to a 70-kD glycoprotein when used to stain immunoblots of human erythrocyte membrane proteins . Because the wide tissue distribution of mAb reactivity, along with some of the biochemical characterization and immunoblotting data, was similar to that of DAF, we investigated whether the Cromer-related antigens Cr(a) and Tc(a) resided on the DAF molecule.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Telen, MJ; Hall, SE; Green, AM; Moulds, JJ; Rosse, WF

Published Date

  • June 1988

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 167 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 1993 - 1998

PubMed ID

  • 2455016

Pubmed Central ID

  • 2455016

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1540-9538

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0022-1007

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1084/jem.167.6.1993

Language

  • eng