Genetic changes in human adrenocortical carcinomas.
Recent studies have suggested that loss of heterozygosity at loci on the short arm of human chromosome 11 (11p) may be important in the pathogenesis of benign and malignant adrenal cortical tumors. To test this concept, adrenocortical carcinomas from nine patients and benign adrenal cortical lesions from eight patients were tested for loss of alleles at loci on human chromosomes 11, 13, and 17. All patients with adrenocortical carcinoma whose normal somatic tissues were heterozygous for a locus on chromosome 17p had lost alleles in the tumor. Four of six patients with adrenocortical carcinoma who were heterozygous for one or more alleles on chromosome 11p in normal tissues had lost 11p alleles in the tumor. Three of six patients with adrenocortical carcinoma showed loss of 13q alleles in the tumor. Loss of alleles on chromosomes 11p, 13q, and 17p was observed in primary tumors and metastases but not in adrenocortical adenomas or hyperplastic lesions of the adrenal cortex. One patient with adrenocortical carcinoma had a somatic mutation in the HRAS1 gene in the normal adrenal gland. The consistency of the genetic changes on chromosomes 11p, 13q, and 17p suggests that they are important in the pathogenesis of adrenocortical carcinoma.
Yano, T; Linehan, M; Anglard, P; Lerman, MI; Daniel, LN; Stein, CA; Robertson, CN; LaRocca, R; Zbar, B
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