Epidermal growth factor receptor gene analysis in renal cell carcinoma.
The epidermal growth factor receptor binds the mitogens epidermal growth factor and transforming growth factor-alpha. Increased expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor has been noted in many types of tumors and is associated with gene amplification in several including epidermoid carcinoma, lung carcinoma, breast carcinoma and glioblastoma. We have recently observed increased expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor messenger RNA in neoplastic tissue relative to normal kidney tissue from patients with renal cell carcinoma. To determine if epidermal growth factor receptor gene amplification was present in renal cell carcinoma, DNA was extracted from renal cell carcinoma cell lines and from normal kidney and renal cell carcinoma tissues derived from radical nephrectomy specimens from thirty patients. DNA was analyzed by Southern blot hybridization. There was no epidermal growth factor receptor gene amplification detected in the renal cell carcinoma samples studied, indicating the increased epidermal growth factor gene expression observed in renal cell carcinoma does not occur through gene amplification. Unlike other tumors with enhanced epidermal growth factor receptor gene expression, amplification of this gene does not appear to be a common feature of renal cell carcinoma.
Gomella, LG; Anglard, P; Sargent, ER; Robertson, CN; Kasid, A; Linehan, WM
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