Neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes bind to cytokine-activated kidney glomerular endothelial cells through L-selectin (LAM-1) in vitro.
The role of L-selectin (LAM-1) as a regulator of leukocyte adhesion to kidney microvascular glomerular endothelial cells was assessed in vitro by using L-selectin-directed mAb and an L-selectin cDNA-transfected cell line. The initial attachment of neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes to TNF-activated bovine glomerular endothelial cells was significantly inhibited by the anti-LAM1-3 mAb. Under static conditions, anti-LAM1-3 mAb inhibited neutrophil adhesion by 15 +/- 5%, whereas the anti-LAM1-10 mAb, directed against a functionally silent epitope of L-selectin, was without effect. The binding of a CD18 mAb inhibited adhesion by 47 +/- 6%. In contrast, when the assays were carried out under nonstatic conditions or at 4 degrees C, the anti-LAM1-3 mAb generated significantly greater inhibition (approximately 60%). CD18-dependent adhesion was minimal (approximately 10%) under these conditions. TNF-activated glomerular endothelial cells also supported adhesion of a mouse pre-B cell line transfected with L-selectin cDNA, but not wild-type cells. This process was also inhibited by the anti-LAM1-3 mAb. Leukocyte adhesion to unstimulated endothelial cells was independent of L-selectin, but, after TNF stimulation, L-selectin-mediated adhesion was observed at 4 h, with maximal induction persisting for 24 to 48 h. Leukocyte adhesion was not observed if glomerular endothelial cells were exposed to TNF in the presence of RNA or protein synthesis inhibitors. Leukocyte attachment to TNF-activated glomerular endothelial cells was also partially inhibited by treatment of the cells with mannose-6-phosphate or phosphomannan monoester, a soluble complex carbohydrate, or by prior treatment of glomerular endothelial cells with neuraminidase, suggesting that the glomerular endothelial cell ligand shares functional characteristics with those expressed by lymph node and large vessel endothelial cells. These data suggest that TNF activation induced the biosynthesis and surface expression of a ligand(s) for L-selectin on glomerular endothelial cells, which supports neutrophil, monocyte, and lymphocyte attachment under nonstatic conditions.
Brady, HR; Spertini, O; Jimenez, W; Brenner, BM; Marsden, PA; Tedder, TF
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