Lyphocyte migration in L-selectin-deficient mice. Altered subset migration and aging of the immune system.
Lymphocyte trafficking across high endothelial venules (HEV) of peripheral lymph nodes (PLN) is dependent upon lymphocyte expression of L-selectin. Mice that lack this adhesion molecule provide an opportunity to determine the long-term role of L-selectin-mediated migration in the maintenance of leukocyte subpopulations. HEV in L-selectin-deficient mice were phenotypically, morphologically, and functionally comparable with wild-type mice, although there was a 70 to 90% reduction in the number of lymphocytes within PLN. These lymphocytes most likely entered PLN through the afferent lymphatics, since they did not migrate into PLN of normal mice during short-term homing experiments. The impaired trafficking of lymphocytes across PLN-HEV resulted in the accumulation of memory (CD18highCD44high) lymphocytes within PLN, and also altered the distribution of lymphocyte subpopulations within other tissues. Specifically, a 30 to 55% increase in splenic cellularity occurred due to increases in both naive and memory lymphocytes. Circulating lymphocyte numbers or subpopulations were not altered in young L-selectin-deficient mice, but circulating monocyte numbers were increased nearly threefold. In contrast, older L-selectin-deficient mice had disproportionate increases of both naive and memory CD4+ T cells present within spleen and blood. These results and the finding that memory lymphocytes in wild-type mice expressed L-selectin demonstrate a requirement for L-selectin in the regulation of memory lymphocyte migration. Therefore, L-selectin-dependent pathways of lymphocyte migration are important for the normal migration of both naive and memory lymphocytes.
Steeber, DA; Green, NE; Sato, S; Tedder, TF
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