L-selectin ligands expressed by human leukocytes are HECA-452 antibody-defined carbohydrate epitopes preferentially displayed by P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1.
Leukocytes express L-selectin ligands critical for leukocyte-leukocyte interactions at sites of inflammation. The predominant leukocyte L-selectin ligand is P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1), which displays appropriate sialyl Lewis x (sLex)-like carbohydrate determinants for L-selectin recognition. Among the sLex-like determinants expressed by human leukocytes is a unique carbohydrate epitope defined by the HECA-452 mAb. The HECA-452 Ag is a critical component of L-selectin ligands expressed by vascular endothelial cells. However, HECA-452 Ag expression on human leukocyte L-selectin ligands has not been assessed. In this study, the HECA-452 mAb blocked 88-99% of neutrophil rolling on, or attachment to, adherent cells expressing L-selectin in multiple experimental systems. A function-blocking anti-PSGL-1 mAb also inhibited L-selectin binding to neutrophils by 89-98%. In addition, the HECA-452 and anti-PSGL-1 mAbs blocked the majority of P-selectin binding to neutrophils. Western blot analysis revealed that PSGL-1 immunoprecipitated from neutrophils displayed HECA-452 mAb-reactive determinants and that PSGL-1 was the predominant scaffold for HECA-452 Ag display. Leukocyte L-selectin ligands also contained sulfated determinants since culturing ligand-bearing cells with NaClO3 abrogated L-selectin binding. Consistent with this, human neutrophils expressed mRNA encoding five different sulfotransferases associated with the generation of selectin ligands: CHST1, CHST2, CHST3, TPST1, and HEC-GlcNAc6ST. Therefore, the HECA-452-defined carbohydrate determinant displayed on PSGL-1 represented the predominant L-selectin and P-selectin ligand expressed by neutrophils.
Tu, L; Murphy, PG; Li, X; Tedder, TF
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