Expression of C3d receptors during human B cell differentiation: immunofluorescence analysis with the HB-5 monoclonal antibody.
We have examined human B lymphocytes at different stages of differentiation for the expression of surface receptors for the C3d fragment of complement. C3d receptors (C3dR) were identified by indirect immunofluorescence using the HB-5 monoclonal antibody, which recognizes a 145,000 m.w. C3dR molecule on B lymphocytes. Pre-B and immature B cells from fetal bone marrow and liver did not express C3dR, whereas a small subpopulation (25%) of B cells in fetal spleen were C3dR+. Approximately 50% of the B cells in adult bone marrow were C3dR+, whereas the more mature B cells in the blood of newborns and adults and in peripheral lymphoid tissue of adults uniformly expressed the C3dR. Activated B cells responsive to T cell-derived differentiation factors were C3dR+, whereas plasma cells rarely expressed C3dR. T cells, NK cells, erythrocytes, and myelomonocytic cells did not express detectable surface C3dR. These results suggest that in hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues, the expression of C3dR is a specific feature of relatively mature lymphoid cells of B lineage.
Tedder, TF; Clement, LT; Cooper, MD
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