Overlapping roles for L-selectin and P-selectin in antigen-induced immune responses in the microvasculature.
Although L-selectin mediates lymphocyte attachment to endothelial venules of peripheral lymph nodes, its role in leukocyte recruitment into tissues following Ag challenge is less well established. The objective of this study was to systematically examine the role of L-selectin in leukocyte rolling in the peripheral microvasculature during the first 24 h of an immune response. A type I hypersensitivity response was elicited in wild-type (C57BL/6) and L-selectin-deficient mice by systemic (i.p.) sensitization and intrascrotal challenge with chicken egg OVA. The cremaster microcirculation was observed in untreated and sensitized mice 4, 8, and 24 h post-Ag challenge by intravital microscopy. Leukocyte recruitment in L-selectin-deficient mice and wild-type mice treated with an L-selectin function-blocking mAb was examined at each time point. Ag challenge induced a significant increase in leukocyte rolling (60 cells/min/venule to approximately 300 cells/min/venule) in wild-type mice at 4-24 h. This response was reduced by approximately 60-70% in L-selectin-deficient mice and in wild-type mice treated with an L-selectin-blocking mAb. P-selectin blockade by Ab completely inhibited leukocyte rolling at 4-24 h in wild-type animals and also blocked the residual rolling seen in L-selectin-deficient mice. Blocking E-selectin function had no effect on leukocyte rolling flux at any time point in wild-type or L-selectin-deficient mice. Despite reduced rolling, leukocyte adhesion and emigration were not measurably reduced in the L-selectin-deficient mice in this vascular bed. In conclusion, leukocyte rolling is L-selectin-dependent post-Ag challenge with L-selectin and P-selectin sharing overlapping functions.
Kanwar, S; Steeber, DA; Tedder, TF; Hickey, MJ; Kubes, P
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