Relative contributions of selectins and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 to tissue injury induced by immune complex deposition.
Immune complex-induced tissue injury is mediated by inflammatory cell infiltration that is highly regulated by multiple adhesion molecules. To assess the relative contribution of adhesion molecules, including selectins and ICAM-1, in this pathogenetic process, the cutaneous passive Arthus reaction was examined in mice lacking E-selectin, P-selectin, or both L-selectin and ICAM-1 with anti-P- or E-selectin mAbs. Edema and hemorrhage were significantly reduced in P-selectin(-/-) mice compared with wild-type mice while they were not inhibited in E-selectin(-/-) mice. Combined E- and P-selectin blockade resulted in more significant reduction relative to L-selectin/ICAM-1(-/-) as well as P-selectin(-/-) mice. Remarkably, both E- and P-selectin blockade in L-selectin/ICAM-1(-/-) mice completely abrogated edema and hemorrhage. The inhibited edema and hemorrhage paralleled reduced infiltration of neutrophils and mast cells that expressed significant levels of P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1. Similarly reduced infiltration of neutrophils and mast cells was observed in the peritoneal Arthus reaction and was associated partly with the decreased production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6. The results of this study indicate that both endothelial selectins contribute predominantly to the Arthus reaction by regulating mast cell and neutrophil infiltration and that the full development of the Arthus reaction is mediated cooperatively by all selectins and ICAM-1.
Yanaba, K; Kaburagi, Y; Takehara, K; Steeber, DA; Tedder, TF; Sato, S
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