L-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 regulate the development of Concanavalin A-induced liver injury.
Concanavalin A (Con A)-induced hepatitis is a model for human T cell-mediated hepatitis. We evaluated the role of L-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in this model by injecting Con A intravenously in mice lacking L-selectin (L-selectin-/-), ICAM-1 (ICAM-1-/-), or both (L-selectin/ICAM-1-/-). Blood and liver samples were collected 0, 8, 24, and 48 h after Con A treatment. Increases in plasma transaminase levels, which peaked 8 h after injection, were reduced significantly in L-selectin-/-, ICAM-1-/-, and L-selectin/ICAM-1-/- mice compared with wild-type mice. Liver necrosis was more strongly inhibited in ICAM-1-/- mice than in L-selectin-/- mice but was most prominently reduced in L-selectin/ICAM-1-/- mice, in parallel with decreased plasma transaminase levels. The reduced severity of hepatitis in the mutant mice correlated with decreases in numbers of liver CD4+ T cells but not numbers of CD8+ T cells or neutrophils. Following Con A treatment, L-selectin deficiency reduced liver mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and ICAM-1 deficiency reduced expression of interleukin-4. By contrast, reductions in liver macrophage inhibitor protein-1alpha mRNA occurred in all mutant mice. These results indicate that L-selectin and ICAM-1 contribute cooperatively to the development of Con A-induced hepatitis by regulating leukocyte infiltration and subsequent cytokine production.
Kawasuji, A; Hasegawa, M; Horikawa, M; Fujita, T; Matsushita, Y; Matsushita, T; Fujimoto, M; Steeber, DA; Tedder, TF; Takehara, K; Sato, S
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