Perforin knockout mice, but not mice with MAIDS, show protection against experimental cytomegalovirus retinitis after adoptive transfer of immune cells with a functional perforin cytotoxic pathway.
Adoptive transfer studies were performed to test the hypothesis that the perforin cytotoxic pathway is more important than the Fas/FasL cytotoxic pathway in protection against experimental murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) retinitis. Splenic immune cells from donor MCMV-immunized normal mice or gld mice deficient in Fas/FasL-mediated cytotoxicity significantly reduced the frequency and severity of MCMV retinitis following subretinal MCMV challenge when transferred into recipient PKO mice deficient in perforin-mediated cytotoxicity. In sharp contrast, splenic cells from donor MCMV-immunized PKO mice failed to provide protection against MCMV retinitis when transferred into recipient PKO mice. Protection was not achieved, however, in recipient mice with retrovirus-induced immunodeficiency (MAIDS), even when splenic cells originated from MCMV-immunized normal mice.
Dix, RD; Ekworomadu, CO; Hernandez, E; Cousins, SW
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