Cyclosporine augments receptor-mediated cellular Ca2+ fluxes in isolated hepatocytes.
The immunosuppressive agent, cyclosporine, has been found to augment receptor-stimulated calcium fluxes in isolated hepatocytes. After treatment of Quin 2-loaded hepatocytes with cyclosporine, both the amplitude and duration of the vasopressin-induced rise in the cytosolic free Ca2+ are increased. These effects are dependent upon the concentration and time of exposure of the cells to cyclosporine. Cyclosporine increases both 45Ca2+ influx across the plasma membrane and the cellular calcium content. The total cellular magnesium, sodium, and potassium contents are not affected by cyclosporine. However, cyclosporine treatment, per se, has no apparent effect on the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration as assayed by Quin 2 fluorescence. The increase in total cell calcium is associated with progressive increases in the calcium content of the endoplasmic reticular and mitochondrial calcium pools. The vasopressin-induced net efflux of Ca2+ from hepatocytes was 2-fold greater after treatment with 10 micrograms/ml cyclosporine for 10 min, but the lag time prior to the onset of Ca2+ efflux was not affected. These results are interpreted on the basis of cyclosporine having a primary effect on increasing the permeability of the plasma membrane to Ca2+, thereby leading to an increase of the calcium content of the hormone-sensitive intracellular calcium pool.
Nicchitta, CV; Kamoun, M; Williamson, JR
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