GTP-mediated Ca2+ release in rough endoplasmic reticulum. Correlation with a GTP-sensitive increase in membrane permeability.
Guanine nucleotides have been reported to stimulate reticular Ca2+ release. By using the structure-linked latency of microsomal mannose-6-phosphate phosphatase as an index of microsomal permeability [Arion, Ballas, Lange & Wallin (1976) J. Biol. Chem. 251, 4901-4907], the effects of GTP on Ca2+ release and membrane permeability were compared in liver microsomes. In a stripped rough-microsome preparation, GTP caused a dose-dependent increase in mannose 6-phosphate permeability. Half-maximal and maximal effects were observed at 3 microM- and 10 microM-GTP respectively. The time course of the change in membrane permeability coincided with the time course of GTP-dependent Ca2+ release. This increase in microsomal permeability displayed positive to-operativity with respect to GTP (Hill coefficient = 1.8). By analogy to the GTP-dependent Ca2+ release process, guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate and guanosine 5'-[beta gamma-imido]-triphosphate inhibited the ability of GTP to alter microsomal permeability, but were without effect when added alone. In the presence of 50 microM-GTP, complete inhibition of the GTP-dependent increase in microsomal permeability was achieved with 10 microM-guanosine 5'-[gamma-thio]triphosphate, whereas a 25% inhibition was observed with 10 microM-guanosine 5'-[beta gamma-imido]triphosphate. In contrast with previous observations in crude microsomal preparations, GTP-dependent Ca2+ release in the stripped rough-microsome preparation did not require the addition of poly(ethylene glycol), although the latter did stimulate the rate of Ca2+ release. The ability of GTP to alter microsomal permeability was blocked by prior treatment with the thiol reagent p-hydroxymercuribenzoate; complete inhibition was observed after a 10 min exposure to 50 microM. Inhibition was reversed by subsequent treatment with dithiothreitol. The marked similarities between the two GTP-sensitive processes indicate that they may function via the same mechanism.
Nicchitta, CV; Joseph, SK; Williamson, JR
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