Intranasal immunization is superior to vaginal, gastric, or rectal immunization for the induction of systemic and mucosal anti-HIV antibody responses.
Vaginal anti-HIV antibody responses may be beneficial, and possibly required, for vaccine-induced protection against HIV infection acquired through receptive vaginal intercourse. We have previously determined that intranasal immunization with a hybrid HIV peptide and cholera toxin induced vaginal anti-HIV IgA responses in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. To determine if vaginal, gastric, or rectal boosting would enhance the induction of vaginal anti-HIV IgA responses over those observed with intranasal immunization only, C57BL/6 mice were intranasally immunized with the hybrid HIV peptide T1SP10MN(A) and cholera toxin (days 0 and 14) and boosted via the vaginal, gastric, or rectal route (days 7 and 28). Four intranasal immunizations was superior to all other immunizations evaluated for the induction of plasma anti-peptide IgG, vaginal anti-peptide IgG and IgA, and peptide-specific delayed-type hypersensitivity. In addition, intranasal priming with gastric boosting was associated with greatly elevated total serum IgE concentrations whereas intranasal immunization only was associated with only a modest increase in total serum IgE. These results suggest that intranasal immunization is a viable route of immunization for the induction of systemic and mucosal anti-HIV immune responses.
Staats, HF; Montgomery, SP; Palker, TJ
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