Analysis of linkage disequilibrium in gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subunit genes in autistic disorder.
Autistic disorder (AD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by abnormalities in behavior, communication, and social interactions and functioning. Recently, Cook et al. reported significant linkage disequilibrium with an AD susceptibility locus and a marker, GABRB3 155CA-2, in the gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptor beta3-subunit gene on chromosome 15q11-q13. This linkage disequilibrium was detected using a multiallelic version of the transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT) in a sample of nuclear families having at least one child with autistic disorder. In an attempt to replicate this finding we tested for linkage disequilibrium with this marker, as well as with three additional markers in and around the GABA(A) receptor beta3-subunit gene, in an independent, clinically comparable set of AD families. Unlike Cook et al., we failed to detect significant linkage disequilibrium between GABRB3 155CA-2 and AD in our sample. We did, however, find suggestive evidence for linkage disequilibrium with a marker, GABRB3, approximately 60 kb beyond the 3' end of beta3-subunit gene. This finding lends support for previous reports implicating the involvement of genes in this region with AD. Am. J. Med. Genet. (Neuropsychiatr. Genet.) 96:43-48, 2000
Martin, ER; Menold, MM; Wolpert, CM; Bass, MP; Donnelly, SL; Ravan, SA; Zimmerman, A; Gilbert, JR; Vance, JM; Maddox, LO; Wright, HH; Abramson, RK; DeLong, GR; Cuccaro, ML; Pericak-Vance, MA
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