Linkage and mutation analysis of Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 2 families with chromosomes 1p35-p36 and Xq13.
A locus for autosomal dominant Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 (CMT2A) was assigned by linkage analysis to chromosome 1p35-p36. We examined 11 unrelated CMT2 families for linkage to CMT2A using short tandem repeat (STR) polymorphisms. Only one family showed suggestive evidence for linkage to 1p35-p36. Further, because of an overlap in electrophysiologic data between CMT2 and CMTX female patients, we screened 6 of 11 CMT2 families compatible with dominant X-linkage for mutations in the connexin 32 (Cx32) gene at Xq13. There was a Cx32 mutation in one family, whereas another family showed suggestive evidence for Xq13 linkage upon analysis with STR polymorphisms. Our results suggest that the CMT2A locus is a minor locus for CMT2, additional linkage studies are needed to localize other CMT2 loci, and Cx32 mutations may be the underlying genetic defect in some CMT2 families.
Timmerman, V; De Jonghe, P; Spoelders, P; Simokovic, S; Löfgren, A; Nelis, E; Vance, J; Martin, JJ; Van Broeckhoven, C
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