Association study of Parkin gene polymorphisms with idiopathic Parkinson disease.
Previously, we detected linkage of idiopathic Parkinson disease (PD) to the region on chromosome 6 that contains the Parkin gene (D6S305; logarithm of odds score, 5.47) in families with at least one individual with age at onset younger than 40 years (families with early-onset disease). Further study demonstrated the presence of Parkin mutations in this data set. However, previous case-control studies have reported conflicting results regarding the role of more common Parkin polymorphisms as susceptibility alleles for idiopathic PD.To investigate the association of 7 previously studied Parkin single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) throughout the promoter and most of the open reading frame with PD in a large cohort of patients with primarily late-onset PD.One promoter, 3 intronic, and 3 exonic Parkin SNPs were genotyped in 1580 individuals belonging to 397 families, and their association with PD was evaluated using family-based association tests.No significant association (P>.05) between PD and any Parkin SNP allele or genotype was detected. Haplotype analysis and stratification by age at onset or family history also failed to produce significant results.These results suggest that these common variants of Parkin are not associated with PD in white patients, although Parkin mutations are known to cause early- and late-onset PD.
Oliveira, SA; Scott, WK; Nance, MA; Watts, RL; Hubble, JP; Koller, WC; Lyons, KE; Pahwa, R; Stern, MB; Hiner, BC; Jankovic, J; Ondo, WG; Allen, FH; Scott, BL; Goetz, CG; Small, GW; Mastaglia, FL; Stajich, JM; Zhang, F; Booze, MW; Reaves, JA; Middleton, LT; Haines, JL; Pericak-Vance, MA; Vance, JM; Martin, ER
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