A pilot study of etoposide, vinblastine, and doxorubicin plus involved field irradiation in advanced, previously untreated Hodgkin's disease.
BACKGROUND: Advanced stage Hodgkin's disease (HD) usually is treated with combination chemotherapy with or without supplemental irradiation. The risk of significant acute and long term toxicity when the chemotherapy regimen contains alkylating agents has provided the impetus for the development of systemic combinations that do not include alkylating agents. This trial was designed to assess the toxicity and efficacy of a regimen of etoposide, vinblastine, and doxorubicin (EVA) as part of a combined modality approach in patients with moderate to high risk HD. METHODS: This was a prospective pilot study that included 26 previously untreated patients. They received 6 cycles of EVA, and complete responders received low dose (1500-2500 cGy) involved field radiation. RESULTS: Four patients were hospitalized for sepsis during chemotherapy. Complete response was achieved in 54% of patients, and 46% patients experienced induction failures. Two year failure-free survival is 44%, while 2 year overall survival is 86%. Median follow-up is 27 months. CONCLUSIONS: The EVA regimen is no more efficacious than other programs already in use and may be less so. It also is potentially leukemogenic because of the presence of etoposide. New combinations that do not contain etoposide should be explored in therapy programs for advanced HD in the hopes of discovering an efficacious treatment program that has minimal long term side effects.
Brizel, DM; Gockerman, JP; Crawford, J; Hathorn, JW; Moore, JO; Osborne, B; Prosnitz, LR
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