A phase I/II trial of twice daily irradiation and concurrent chemotherapy for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
PURPOSE: This study was designed to test the toxicity and efficacy of a regimen of twice daily irradiation and concurrent multiagent chemotherapy for patients with locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This was a prospective Phase I/II trial. Patients received 125 cGy b.i.d. to 7000 cGy with a 6 hr interfraction interval. Chemotherapy was given during weeks 1 and 6 of irradiation and consisted of a 5 day infusion of 5-fluorouracil at 600 mg/M2/day and 5 daily injections of cisplatin at 12 mg/M2/day. Two additional cycles of chemotherapy were given after the completion of radiotherapy. RESULTS: Forty-six patients were evaluable: 28 had technically unresectable disease and 18 had resectable tumors. All had Stage III or IV disease: 84% had T3 or T4 primaries while 53% had > or = N2 neck disease. The primary acute toxicity, confluent mucositis, was seen in 74% of patients. Late side effects occurred in four patients. Median follow-up is 36 months (range 25-44 months). Kaplan-Meier estimates of 2-year disease-free survival and overall survival are 65% and 73%, respectively, while 2-year local regional control and distant disease-free survival are 72% and 88%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that resectability and receiving > 2 cycles of chemotherapy significantly influenced local regional control while age < 60 significantly influenced disease-free survival. CONCLUSION: This form of treatment can be delivered safely. The encouraging results have led to the initiation of a Phase III trial comparing this regimen with b.i.d. radiation alone.
Brizel, DM; Leopold, KA; Fisher, SR; Panella, TJ; Fine, RL; Bedrosian, CL; Kenan, PD; Huang, A; Womack, T; Bjurstrom, T
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