The mechanisms by which hyperbaric oxygen and carbogen improve tumour oxygenation.

Published

Journal Article

Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) has been proposed to reduce tumour hypoxia by increasing the amount of dissolved oxygen in the plasma. That this actually occurs has not been verified experimentally. This study was performed to explore changes in tumour oxygenation induced by treatment with normobaric and hyperbaric oxygen and carbogen. R3230Ac mammary adenocarcinomas were implanted into Fisher 344 rats. Arterial blood gases, blood pressure and heart rate were monitored. Tumour oxygenation was measured polarographically in five sets of animals. They received either normobaric 100% oxygen, hyperbaric (3 atmospheres; atm) 100% oxygen, normobaric carbogen or hyperbaric (3 atm) carbogen (HBC) +/- bretylium. HBO reduced the mean level of low pO2 values (< 5 mmHg) from 0.49 to 0.07 (P = 0.0003) and increased the average median pO2 from 8 mmHg to 55 mmHg (P = 0.001). HBC reduced the level of low pO2 values from 0.82 to 0.51 (P = 0.002) an increased median pO2 from 2 mmHg to 6 mmHg (P = 0.05). Normobaric oxygen and carbogen did not change tumour oxygenation significantly. Sympathetic blockade with bretylium before HBC exposure improved oxygenation significantly more than HBC alone (low pO2 0.55-0.17, median pO2 4-17 mmHg). HBO and hyperbaric carbogen improved tumour oxygenation in this model, while normobaric oxygen or carbogen had no effect. Sympathetic-mediated vasoconstriction during hyperbaric carbogen caused it to be less effective than HBO. This mechanism also appeared to operate during normobaric carbogen breathing.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Brizel, DM; Lin, S; Johnson, JL; Brooks, J; Dewhirst, MW; Piantadosi, CA

Published Date

  • November 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 72 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 1120 - 1124

PubMed ID

  • 7577456

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7577456

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0007-0920

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • England