Assessment of whole-brain vasodilatory capacity with acetazolamide challenge at 1.5 T using dynamic contrast imaging with frequency-shifted burst.
(Clinical Trial;Journal Article)
PURPOSE: To determine whether whole-brain acetazolamide-induced changes in regional cerebral blood volume (rCBV) can be assessed on a conventional gradient 1.5-T MR system using 3-D dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MR imaging. METHODS: A 3-D frequency-shifted (FS) burst technique was used to assess the intravascular first pass of contrast agent. Changes in rCBV were calculated in 40 volunteers before and after acetazolamide (n = 30) or saline (n = 10) injection using customized analysis software on an independent workstation. A single-section gradient-echo technique with better spatial resolution was used in one additional volunteer to examine the effect of partial volume averaging on calculation of absolute rCBV. RESULTS: A statistically significant increase in rCBV (gray matter = 23%, white master = 32.5%) was noted after acetazolamide compared with saline. Baseline fractional CBVs were 22% +/- 3% for gray matter and 12% +/- 2% for white matter. Partial volume averaging was probably responsible for a systematic but linear overestimation of absolute rCBV. CONCLUSION: Acetazolamide-induced changes in rCBV can be assessed using 3-D dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced MR imaging with FS-burst on a conventional gradient 1.5-T MR system. Values obtained with this technique overestimate absolute rCBV but are systematically biased and can be used for intersubject and intrasubject ratio comparisons.
Petrella, JR; DeCarli, C; Dagli, M; Duyn, JH; Grandin, CB; Frank, JA; Hoffman, EA; Theodore, WH
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