SAR pattern perturbations from resonance effects in water bolus layers used with superficial microwave hyperthermia applicators.


Journal Article

This study examines the effect of various thickness water bolus coupling layers on the SAR (Specific Absorption Rate) patterns from Dual Concentric Conductor (DCC) based Conformal Microwave Array (CMA) superficial hyperthermia applicators. Previous theory has suggested that water bolus coupling layers can be considered as a dielectric resonator; therefore, it is possible for the impinging electric field to stimulate volume oscillations and surface wave oscillations inside the water bolus. These spurious oscillations will destructively or constructively interact with the impinging electric field to cause a perturbation of the applicator SAR pattern. An experiment was designed which consisted of mapping the electric field produced by a four element DCC CMA applicator in liquid muscle phantom at depths of 5 and 10mm in front of four different thickness water boli; 0 (no bolus) 4, 9 and 13mm. Using the Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) method, SAR distributions were calculated for similar test cases. It was found that for water bolus thicknesses of 9mm or greater, there is a marked perturbation of both experimental and theoretical SAR distributions. It is believed that this perturbation is experimental confirmation of the volume and surface wave oscillation theory described by previous investigators.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Neuman, DG; Stauffer, PR; Jacobsen, S; Rossetto, F

Published Date

  • May 2002

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 180 - 193

PubMed ID

  • 12028636

Pubmed Central ID

  • 12028636

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1464-5157

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0265-6736

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1080/02656730110119198


  • eng