Selective elimination of alloreactivity from immunotherapeutic T cells by photodynamic cell purging and memory T-cell sorting.
Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT), especially in the mismatched setting, carries a high risk of life-threatening GvHD because of activation of donor T cells by Ag present on host cells. Removal of mature donor T cells can prevent GvHD but leads to delayed immune reconstitution, and an increased incidence of opportunistic infections and disease relapse. These findings demonstrate the vital role of donor T cells in providing graft-versus-tumor (GvT) and anti-pathogen effects as well as facilitating immune reconstitution. It has been well documented that GvHD can be separated from GvT effects, making it possible potentially to eliminate GvHD while preserving the immunotherapeutic benefits of donor T cells. Over the past decade, major attempts have been made to reduce GvHD incidence without loss of GvT effect, especially in the haplo-identical setting. Novel techniques to deplete host-reactive donor T cells selectively have been explored. This review focuses on the use of the photodynamic cell purging (PDP) process and of sorting memory T cells for the selective elimination of alloreactivity. Minimizing the threat of GvHD while maximizing the beneficial GvT effect would broaden the scope and effectiveness of alloSCT.
Le, NT; Chen, BJ; Chao, NJ
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